NURSING AIDES
Name of Sector Medical & Nursing Name of Module Nursing Aides
Entry Qualifications 10th Standard Duration 400 Hrs
Age 14 years or above

After completion of course participant will be able to:

1.Perform basic first aid, CPR, take vital signs and apply proper body mechanics in bed making and lifting & turning patients.

2.Help patients with his hands on experience in daily living activities, such as feeding, changing lines, taking blood pressure and handling medical equipment.



Practical Competencies Underpinning Knowledge (Theory)

- Rewiew of Anatomy & Physilogy i.e Demonstration of human skeleton and human dummy / chart, Identification and familiarization of circulatory, respiratory, digestive, genito urinary, nervous and endocrine systems .

- Methods of hand-washing and waste segregation. Management of needle-stick injury and blood spill.

- Demonstration of bed-making and types of beds

- Practice of taking vital signs (TPR/BP)

- Sponge / bed bath, care of hair, nail, mouth, ear, hands, feet, perineum and back care)

- Demonstration of Dressing

- Demonstration of administration of drugs

- Demonstration of steam inhalation

- Demonstration of patient feeding

- Demonstration of using wheel-chair and stretcher and shifting / transferring patients

- Demonstration of using bedpan

- Demonstration of sample collection for laboratory (sputum, urine and stool)

- Demonstration of sterilization

Personal Hygiene and Environmental Sanitation

1. Personal Hygiene

a. Introduction - Concept of Health and Its Relation to Successful Living

b. Maintenance of Good Physical Health:

- Care of Skin, Hair, Teeth, Eyes, Hands & Feet and Menstrual Hygiene

- Importance of Clothing, Rest, Sleep, Relaxation and Recreation, Exercise Posture and Elimination

- Health Habits, Immunization, Correction of Defects and Food Nutrition

c. Mental Health:

- Foundation of Contributing Factors, Characteristics of a Mentally Healthy Person, Adjustments and Causes of Maladjustments.

2. Environmental Sanitation

a. Introduction:

- Relation of Environment with Health

b. Maintaining a Clean Environment

- Air and Ventilation, Safe Water and Good Housing, Disposal of Waste

c. Promotion of Environmental Health

- Individual Responsibility and Community Responsibility

Elementary Nursing

1. Introduction

a. Patient as a Person

b. Family Structure in India

c. Socio-Economic Factors Influencing Sick Persons and Their Family

d. Impact of Various Types of Diseases or Human Behaviour Reaction of a Patient to Their Various Ailments, to Patient‟s Personality, Family Members & to Illness Itself.

e. Role of Religious Practices in Treatment of Ailing Patient.

f. Role of Hospital Aides in Caring the Sick Patients.

2. Caring for the Sick

a. Environment:

- In Home and Hospital (Air, Light, Noise, Smell and Ventilation)

- Cleanliness and Cleaning.

b. Beds:

- Types of Beds (Closed, Open, Fowlers & Cardiac Bed)

- Bed Making- with patient, without patient, changing linen, body posture mechanism, care of bed and linen.

c. Comfort:

- Importance of rest and sleep. Body support and posture in bed, use of comfort devises. Various positions and positioning, lifting and moving in

- and out of bed. Exercise- active and passive. Protection from injury-accidents and infection and sterilization. Elimination- giving and taking bedpan and urinals, its care.

d. Hygiene:

- Care of mouth- mouth wash. Care of hair- combing, washing, pediculosis treatment. Bath-bed bath, bathroom bath, care of hands, feet, nails. Skin care: causes and prevention of skin diseases, pressure sore, back care and clothing.

e. Nutrition:

- Importance of diet in heart sickness. Types of diet, preparation of simple food. Serving diet and feeding patients.

f. Observation and Recording:

- Importance of taking T.P.R. activity, appetite, fluid intake and output, character of pain, condition of mouth, tongue, skin, changes in urine, stool, body discharges, mental state and collection of specimen.

g. Ethics and Legal Responsibilities

- Professional responsibilities

h. Simple Nursing Treatment:

- Hot Application: hot water bags, fomentation

- Cold Application: ice caps, cold compress and cold sponge

- Drug Administration: Principles of drug administration, administration of oral drugs, care of drugs, steam inhalation (under the supervision of professionals).

- Local Application: Instillation of drops, gargles, external applications

- Enemas: Types and Administration

i. Care of:

- Dying patients and dead, chronically ill patients, convalescing patients, patients with infectious diseases, old age patients, care of unconscious patients.

j. Health Teaching:

- Concept and Principles, Role of nurse as a teacher, informal and incidents teaching, exposure to primary healthcare

k. Home Remedies:

- Simple Home Remedies

l. Care & Maintenance of Equipments

First Aid and Bandaging

1. Principles of First Aid
2. Emergencies:

First Aid treatment in- fainting and shock, fracture, haemorrhage, wounds, asphyxia, burns, poisoning, fits, bites, heamo-wounds and infectious burns and scalds.

Artificial respiration, Transport of patients.

3. Bandaging:

General principles, types, application bandages to different parts of the body.

Mother and Childcare Nutrition

1. Nutrition and Diet

- Nutrition and Its Relation to Health

- Functions and Value of Nutrients in Foods

- Balanced Diet, Proper Selection, Storage and Preparation of Food

- Simple Cooking Methods (Demonstration)

2. Care of Mother

- During Antenatal Period: Understanding of Conception and Foetal Growth

- Care During Antenatal Period: Breast, Skin, Clothing, Antenatal Check-up.

- Diet in Pregnancy, Exercise, Preparation for Delivery, Minor Ailments and treatment.

3. Care of Children

a. Care of New Born

- Care of the cord, eye, skin, bathing, handling, clothes, breast feeding, preparation of formula, bottle feeding and importance of cleanliness.

b. Maintenance of Health

- Growth and Development from birth to five years. Nutrition during 1st year, diet for 1-5 years and feeding. Importance of play. Prevention of infection, accidents, Immunization, Minor ailments in children and treatment

c. Taking Care of: invalid, infirm and handicapped

d. Elementary Paediatric Nursing Care

- Physical assessments of children: Weighting, height, length, chest, circumference etc.