OPERATION THEATRE (OT) ASSISTANT
Name of Sector Medical & Nursing Name of Module Operation Theatre (OT) Assistant
Entry Qualifications 10th Standard and completed basic course on Anatomy and Physiology. Duration 270 Hrs
Age 14 years or above

After completion of course participant will be able to:

1.Look after all the work and management of the operation theatre including managing the patients



Practical Competencies Underpinning Knowledge (Theory)

- Practical exposure to the OT environment. Infection control concept and transmission of microbes.

- Basic concept of sterility in OT and OT environment. What are microbes-- bacteria, viruses, protozoa and so on. How these are transmitted from articles to persons, persons to articles, and persons to persons. Also importance of sterility of air in OT.

- Practise of hygiene .Method of hand washing.

- Need for absolute hygiene in OT and sanctity of sterility .Importance of wearing masks, caps. Hand hygiene. Why street clothes should not be permitted in OT.

- Practical on wearing of gown, mask and cap.

- Correct technique of Gowning – practical demonstration, types of gowns.

- Methods of surgical hand washing, the different scrubs used and its importance.

- Hand washing technique. Importance of same.

- Practice on wearing surgical gloves, their removal and disposal.

- Technique of wearing gloves. Practical demonstrations.

- Method of sterilization of environment like fogging, fumigation. Various agents available for sterilization.

- Need for periodic sterilization of OT. Methods of sterilization of OT – safe techniques for same.

- Methods of sterilizing the various instruments and equipments in the OT.

- Sterilization techniques – their merits and demerits. Boiling, Autoclaving, Chemical sterilization - techniques in details. Safety measures for same.

- Introduction to the various available aseptic solutions and their use.

- Various Antiseptics available. Methods of using them.

- Techniques of sterilization of OT equipments.

- Sterilization Drums – How they are to be used. Correct techniques of packing them. How they are to be maintained.

- Techniques of sterilization and packing of trays and drums

- Dressing drums, Instrument drums. Categorization of Drums and proper labeling of same.

- Aseptic precautions in the operation theatre

- Concept of No – touch technique.

- Handling of the OT tables - hands on training in the OT.

- Operation Table – Types of tables available. How they are operated and correct ways of operating them. Need for thorough cleaning OT table after surgery.

- Hands on training on the use of OT lights and their use during operation

- Operation lights – various types, operating techniques, maintenance.

- Introduction the subject of Aneathesiology, types, positions, drugs and requirements.

- Role of anesthesia and anesthetist in OT. Description of types of anesthesia. Awareness of various requirements of anesthetist.

- Use of OT lights during operation.

- Practical Demonstration of adjusting OT light to field of surgery.

- Practical demonstration of the various OT instruments, their handling, care and washing.

- Surgical Instruments – Names, Types, overview of areas of use of these instruments. Maintenance of instruments – techniques of washing and cleaning them. Methods of storing them.

- Demonstration on the setting up of various OT trolleys.

- Trolleys – Types of trolleys. Indications for use of specific trolleys in various operations. Cleaning and maintenance of trolleys.

- Practical on types of linen material and their preparation used in OT.

- Preparation for various dressing materials. Cutting gauze pieces, etc. of specific sizes. Various types, sizes of bandages.

- Various suture material used in OT.

- Overview of suture materials – types, concept of different sizes and materials. Storage of suture materials and categorizing and labeling them for easy retrievability.

- Demonstration of all drugs in OT inventory.

- Storage and labeling of various drugs used in OT. Concept of emergency drugs and need for prompt accessibility.

- Hands on use of Oxygen, Nitros, CO2 cylinders-their operation and storage.

- Oxygen and Anesthetic cylinders. Operating the various parts. Determining whether they need to be re-filled. Techniques of changing cylinders. Maintenance of cylinders.

- Proper labeling of OT specimens.

- Significance of Biopsy specimens and samples of pus, etc. Need for proper labeling, preservation in formalin, etc. Safe delivery to concerned deptt. e.g. pathology deptt.

- Hands on shifting of patients in and out of the OT.

- Patient shifting trolleys – Types, Correct technique of shifting patient from OT table to transfer trolley. Correct technique of shifting patient transfer trolley to bed of patient. Safety considerations and description of types of accidents that can occur - injuries, etc.

- Waste segregation in the OT.

- Concept of liquid and solid waste management – both biomedical and otherwise. Proper methods of segregation. Various color bags and the types of waste to be put in each. Safe storage of same.

- Concept of patient confidentiality.

- Need for NOT talking with patient or relatives about medical aspects of the patient.