Ship Superintendent – General
Courses by Topic
The Maritime Law course contains several areas of study, namely:
1. International Conventions
2. International Safety Management (ISM) Codes
3. Classification Societies
4. Marine Insurance
The above covers the major areas of concern that affects the shipping business operation from a legal and international perspective.
In most developed nations, maritime law is governed by a separate code and is a separate jurisdiction from national laws. The United Nations, through the International Maritime Organization, has issued numerous conventions that can be enforced by the navies and coast guards that have signed the treaty outlining these rules. Maritime law governs many of the insurance claims relating to ships and cargo, civil matters between shipowners, seamen and passengers, and piracy.
The course is organized under 4 major areas: Risk Management and ISPS Code, Emergency Response, Health and Environment and Ship Recycling. These are areas that impacts the HSSE policies and thus important for a ship manager.
Shipping companies must embrace the International Safety Management (ISM) Code, ISO 9001:2008, ISO 14001:2004, and OHSAS 18001:2007 as the mainstays of their operational, occupational health, and safety, security and environment management policies and procedures.
Vessels must comply with all International Maritime Organization (IMO) regulations and companies Safety Management System must comply with the International Safety Management (ISM) Code as well as the Occupational Health and Safety Act and the International Ship and Port Facility Security (ISPS) Code.
Companies must support the protection and improvement of the environment through compliance with international/national regulations and standards, adoption of industry best practices, the effective management of business, employees and sub-contractors, appropriate training of workforce and the rigorous implementation of Quality, Occupational Health, Safety, Security and Environmental policies and procedures in everyday operations.
Companies conduct all business operations in accordance with the following Policies:
1. Quality Policy
2. Occupational Health & Safety Policy
3. Environmental Policy
4. Drug, Alcohol & Substance Abuse Policy
5. Company Security Policy
A budget is a forecast of the cost of operating the ship, taken over a financial year. It is a compilation of the various costs of keeping a ship in service, so that the ship, at all times:
1. Is in a safe, secure, clean and efficient condition
2. Has zero disruption in service
3. Earns a profit for the ship owner
Budgets are used to ensure the availability of finance depending on the needs of each ship. It should also be based on the company’s ship operating goals and objectives. As it is prepared in advance it becomes a valuable input to the company’s financial planning.
As a superintendent, you would be responsible for preparing budgets and controlling the ship’s operating costs. This involves identifying the various cost heads, collating historical data on expenses incurred under these heads and
then projecting expenditure estimates based on present ship condition and requirements. You will also be responsible for ensuring that the & financial resources are used optimally and & wastage is & minimized.
Superintendents are not involved in the complete exercise of creating a company’s budget but are important input providers. A fleet level budget is prepared based on the individual estimates by the superintendents and the resource requirements for the year are estimated. After analysis, the senior management will approve a budget for your ship which balances the company’s resource availability with the needs of individual ships.
Your efficiency as a superintendent will be judged by how well you manage your ships within the allowed budget. For this you have to learn to spread the expenses over the year and avoid over or under budget by large margins. You also have to learn more about relevant accounting and finance related matters.
The course Ship Certification and Survey includes topics of Ship Inspection, Certification and Survey and Port State Control. These are important areas of consideration for a ship manager. Ship must maintain Class provided by the Classification Society for commercial operation which allows the ship to be insured for its cargo, hull and machinery equipment. The other component is people on board and the consideration for the environment within which the ship operates: these are under the purview of the “flag” as well as the “port state” where the ship docks and navigates through. Maintaining all necessary Certifications, some of which are statutory (imposed by the law of a state) and some governed by the Class Societies (enabling commercial operation of the vessel), are essential for the ship to remain gainfully employed in a trade. The ship manager must ensure that all such certification is in good order at all times and must make sure that a shipboard schedule and plan is functional to make that possible.